# Difference between revisions of "Center of mass"

## Contents

### Description

This script calculates the true center-of-mass (COM) or the center-of-geometry (COG) for a given selection and returns the x, y, z values in the form of a Pseudoatom (rather than a CGO sphere). The benefit of using a Pseudoatom is that it can be selected and used in calculations. In addition, this script also iteratively goes through all states of a selection if more than one state exists and appends the corresponding COM/COG values as states into the Pseudoatom. The script itself is quite simple yet robust enough to be applied in different settings. As well, the calculation of the COM/COG is handled independently from the formation of the Pseudoatom and can be called as an independent function where applicable.

Note: In order to use the Pseudoatom in your measurements (i.e. distance), you need to invoke the distance calculation directly via the command line using the Distance function and not via the Wizard!

### Usage

```com selection [,state=None [,mass=None [,name=None]]]
```

### Examples

```fetch 1c3y, finish=1, multiplex=0

com 1c3y, state=1
#Create a pseudoatom representing the 1c3y COG and store it as "1c3y_COM"
#The "1c3y_COM" object will contain 1 state only

com 1c3y, state=1, name=COG
#Create a pseudoatom representing the 1c3y COG and store it as "COG"
#The "COG" object will contain 1 state only

com 1c3y, state=1, name=COM, mass=1
#Create a pseudoatom representing the 1c3y COM and store it as "COM"
#The "COM" object will contain 1 state only

com 1c3y, name=COM, mass=1
#Create a single pseudoatom containing the COM for each state found in 1c3y and store it as "COM"
#The "COM" object will contain MULTIPLE states!
```

### PyMOL API

```from pymol import cmd

def com (selection,state=None,mass=None,name=None):

"""
Author: Sean Law
Michigan State University
slaw (at) msu . edu
"""
if (name == None):
name=selection+"_COM"
cmd.delete(name)

if (state != None):
x, y, z=get_com(selection,mass=mass)
print "%f %f %f" % (x, y, z)
cmd.pseudoatom(name,pos=[x, y, z])
cmd.show("spheres",name)
else:
for i in range(cmd.count_states()):
x, y, z=get_com(selection,mass=mass,state=i+1)
print "State %d:%f %f %f" % (i+1, x, y, z)
cmd.pseudoatom(name,pos=[x, y, z],state=i+1)
cmd.show("spheres",name)

return

cmd.extend("com",com)

def get_com (selection,state=1,mass=None):

"""
Author: Sean Law
Michigan State University
slaw (at) msu . edu
"""

atmass={'H':1.00800000000000, 'C':12.0110000000000, \
'N':14.0070000000000, 'O':15.9994000000000, \
'P':30.9740000000000, 'S':32.0600000000000, \
'F':18.9980000000000
}

totmass=0.0
if (mass!=None):
print "Calculating mass-weighted COM"

state=int(state)
model = cmd.get_model(selection,state)
x,y,z=0,0,0
for a in model.atom:
if (mass != None):
if (a.name in atmass):
x+= a.coord*atmass[a.name]
y+= a.coord*atmass[a.name]
z+= a.coord*atmass[a.name]
totmass+=atmass[a.name]
else:
return
else:
x+= a.coord
y+= a.coord
z+= a.coord

if (mass!=None):
return x/totmass, y/totmass, z/totmass
else:
return x/len(model.atom), y/len(model.atom), z/len(model.atom)
cmd.extend("get_com", get_com)
```

### Previous Implementation

Here is a script that calculates the center of geometry from a selection. It gets hold of the coordinates with cmd.get_model. Make sure the atoms in the selection are of equal weight.

For a sample application, see: "Convergent Evolution Examples"

```## Author: Andreas Henschel 2006

from pymol import cmd
from pymol.cgo import *

def centerOfMass(selection):
## assumes equal weights (best called with "and name ca" suffix)
model = cmd.get_model(selection)
x,y,z=0,0,0
for a in model.atom:
x+= a.coord
y+= a.coord
z+= a.coord
return (x/len(model.atom), y/len(model.atom), z/len(model.atom))

cmd.select("domain", "/1c7c//A/143-283/ and name ca") ## selecting a domain

domainCenter=centerOfMass("domain")

print "Center of mass: (%.1f,%.1f,%.1f)"% domainCenter
cmd.as("cartoon", "all")
cmd.show("spheres", "domain")

## Creating a sphere CGO
com = [COLOR, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, SPHERE]+list(domainCenter) + [3.0] ## white sphere with 3A radius