This page describes how to install PyMOL on Linux.
Schrödinger provides pre-compiled (64 bit) PyMOL to paying sponsors. The bundle also includes ready-to-use APBS, RigiMOL, an MPEG encoder for movie export, and a small molecule energy minimization engine.
Open-Source PyMOL in Linux Distros
Many Linux distributions provide binary packages for open-source PyMOL. They often do not provide the latest version, but if the provided package fits your needs this is the most convenient way to install PyMOL.
Command line install examples for some popular distributions (note that all of these commands must be run as root or superuser):
# Arch/Manjaro pacman -S pymol # CentOS with EPEL rpm -i http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-5.noarch.rpm yum --enablerepo=epel install pymol # Debian/Ubuntu/Mint apt-get install pymol # Fedora dnf install pymol # Gentoo emerge -av pymol # openSUSE (12.1 and later) zypper install pymol # Sabayon equo i -av pymol
Install from source
Installation from source gives you the latest version and is the generic way to install PyMOL.
Please also consult the INSTALL file.
Libraries as well as development files (headers) of the following software is required:
- C++11 compiler (e.g. GCC 4.7 or higher)
- Python (with distutils)
- Pmw (Python Megawidgets)
- OpenGL driver (I use NVidia)
- GLUT/freeglut (optional, disable with
- libxml2 (optional, for COLLADA export, disable with
- msgpack-c 1.0+ (optional, for fast MMTF loading, new in SVN r4167, disable with
- PyQt5, PyQt4, or PySide (optional, will fall back to Tk interface)
- simplemmtf (optional, for MMTF export)
On many Linux systems, one of the following commands installs all requirements (and must be run as root):
# Debian/Ubuntu/Mint apt-get install build-essential python-dev python-pmw libglew-dev \ freeglut3-dev libpng-dev libfreetype6-dev libxml2-dev \ libmsgpack-dev python-pyqt5.qtopengl libglm-dev # CentOS yum install gcc gcc-c++ kernel-devel python-devel tkinter python-pmw glew-devel \ freeglut-devel libpng-devel freetype-devel libxml2-devel glm-devel # Fedora dnf install gcc gcc-c++ kernel-devel python-devel tkinter python-pmw glew-devel \ freeglut-devel libpng-devel freetype-devel libxml2-devel glm-devel # Gentoo emerge -av dev-lang/python dev-python/pmw media-libs/glew \ media-libs/freeglut media-libs/libpng media-libs/freetype media-libs/glm # openSUSE zypper install python-devel freeglut-devel gcc-c++ glew-devel libpng-devel python-pmw glm # Sabayon equo i -av dev-lang/python dev-python/pmw media-libs/glew \ media-libs/freeglut media-libs/libpng media-libs/freetype
Get latest source from Git
This will download the latest source to
cd /tmp git clone https://github.com/schrodinger/pymol-open-source.git cd pymol-open-source
Libraries in non-standard places
Optional: You may use the colon-delimited
$PREFIX_PATH variable to point
setup.py to non-standard locations of libraries and headers (those locations should have
Compile and install
This will install PyMOL as normal user into
#!/bin/bash -e prefix=$HOME/opt/pymol-svn modules=$prefix/modules # Example for dependencies in non-standard places # export PREFIX_PATH="$HOME/extra/glew-2.0.0:$HOME/extra/libpng-1.6.5:/opt/local" # If you want to install as root, then split this line up in "build" # and "install" and run the "install" with "sudo" python2.7 setup.py build install \ --home=$prefix \ --install-lib=$modules \ --install-scripts=$prefix
Now launch PyMOL like this:
Optionally, in order to allow running the command
pymol from the terminal to launch the program do:
sudo ln -s $HOME/opt/pymol-svn/pymol /usr/bin/pymol
- If you get an error message "ImportError: No module named Pmw" and lack half of the user interface, then append
--bundled-pmwto the install command line.
- If you are using Ubuntu with a NVIDIA graphic card and generic drivers you may experience bad rendering, black pixelation and other graphical oddities. A guide to installing NVIDIA proprietary drivers can be found under Ubuntu community Nvidia Drivers How To
- Troels Linnet's installations scripts: Detailed installation scripts for Ubuntu, Mint 12 and RHEL 6, including MPEG support from FREEMOL