Difference between revisions of "Get Coordinates I"

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There are several ways to extract or load atomic coordinates in PyMOL using the python API.
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== Extract coordinates using [[get_coords]] ==
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''New in PyMOL 1.7.4''. This is the fastest method to extract coordinates from a selection. It considers the object rotation matrix.
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<source lang="python">
 
<source lang="python">
# This script gets a copy of the coordinates in Python,
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xyz = cmd.get_coords('sele', 1)
# rotates the object about the Z axis, and then
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</source>
# updates the coordinates in the original object.
 
  
from pymol import cmd
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== Extract coordinates using [[get_coordset]] ==
  
model = cmd.get_model("pept")
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''New in PyMOL 1.7.4''. Operates on the object-state level, not on selections. Does '''not''' consider the object rotation matrix. Retrieves coordinates in original order (e.g. PDB file atom order), not in sorted atom order. Faster than [[get_coords]].
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<source lang="python">
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xyz = cmd.get_coordset(objectname, 1)
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</source>
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== Extract coordinates using [[Get_Model|get_model]] ==
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Before 1.7.4, this was the fastest method to extract coordinates. It considers the object rotation matrix.
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<source lang="python">
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xyz = cmd.get_model('sele', 1).get_coord_list()
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</source>
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== Extract coordinates using [[iterate_state]] ==
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This is much slower than the first method. It does '''not''' consider the object rotation matrix.
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<source lang="python">
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xyz = []
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cmd.iterate_state(1, 'sele', 'xyz.append([x,y,z])', space=locals(), atomic=0)
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</source>
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== Load coordinates using [[Alter_State|alter_state]] ==
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This is the most convenient way to load coordinates and works equivalent to '''iterate_state'''.
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<source lang="python">
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xyz = [...] # some Nx3 list with coordinates
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xyz_iter = iter(xyz)
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cmd.alter_state(1, 'sele', '(x,y,z) = xyz_iter.next()', space=locals())
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</source>
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== Load coordinates using [[update]] ==
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This example gets a copy of the coordinates in Python, rotates the object about the Z axis, and then updates the coordinates in the original object.
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<source lang="python">
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model = cmd.get_model('pept')
 
for a in model.atom:
 
for a in model.atom:
  a.coord=[ -a.coord[1], a.coord[0], a.coord[2]]
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    a.coord = [ -a.coord[1], a.coord[0], a.coord[2]]
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cmd.load_model(model, "_tmp")
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cmd.update("pept", "_tmp")
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cmd.delete("_tmp")
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</source>
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== Load coordinates using [[load_coords]] ==
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''Changed in PyMOL 1.7.3''. Update selection coordinates from a Nx3 float array.
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<source lang="python">
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cmd.load_coords(xyz, selection)
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</source>
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== Load coordinates using [[load_coordset]] ==
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''New in PyMOL 1.7.4''. Update object state coordinates from a Nx3 float array. Can also append a state. Order of coordinates equivalent to [[get_coordset]].
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<source lang="python">
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cmd.load_coordset(xyz, objectname, 1)
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</source>
  
cmd.load_model(model,"tmp")
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== Load coordinates using [[get_coordset]] ==
cmd.update("pept","tmp")
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cmd.delete("tmp")
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''New in PyMOL 1.7.4''. The [[get_coordset]] function can also return a memory view instead of a copy. This allows modifying the coordinates in place.
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<source lang="python">
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xyz = cmd.get_coordset(objectname, 1, copy=0)
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xyz[:] = newxyz
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
 
[[Category:Script_Library|Get Coordinates I]]
 
[[Category:Script_Library|Get Coordinates I]]
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[[Category:ObjSel_Scripts]]

Latest revision as of 20:40, 28 December 2015

There are several ways to extract or load atomic coordinates in PyMOL using the python API.

Extract coordinates using get_coords

New in PyMOL 1.7.4. This is the fastest method to extract coordinates from a selection. It considers the object rotation matrix.

xyz = cmd.get_coords('sele', 1)

Extract coordinates using get_coordset

New in PyMOL 1.7.4. Operates on the object-state level, not on selections. Does not consider the object rotation matrix. Retrieves coordinates in original order (e.g. PDB file atom order), not in sorted atom order. Faster than get_coords.

xyz = cmd.get_coordset(objectname, 1)

Extract coordinates using get_model

Before 1.7.4, this was the fastest method to extract coordinates. It considers the object rotation matrix.

xyz = cmd.get_model('sele', 1).get_coord_list()

Extract coordinates using iterate_state

This is much slower than the first method. It does not consider the object rotation matrix.

xyz = []
cmd.iterate_state(1, 'sele', 'xyz.append([x,y,z])', space=locals(), atomic=0)

Load coordinates using alter_state

This is the most convenient way to load coordinates and works equivalent to iterate_state.

xyz = [...] # some Nx3 list with coordinates
xyz_iter = iter(xyz)
cmd.alter_state(1, 'sele', '(x,y,z) = xyz_iter.next()', space=locals())

Load coordinates using update

This example gets a copy of the coordinates in Python, rotates the object about the Z axis, and then updates the coordinates in the original object.

model = cmd.get_model('pept')
for a in model.atom:
    a.coord = [ -a.coord[1], a.coord[0], a.coord[2]]

cmd.load_model(model, "_tmp")
cmd.update("pept", "_tmp")
cmd.delete("_tmp")

Load coordinates using load_coords

Changed in PyMOL 1.7.3. Update selection coordinates from a Nx3 float array.

cmd.load_coords(xyz, selection)

Load coordinates using load_coordset

New in PyMOL 1.7.4. Update object state coordinates from a Nx3 float array. Can also append a state. Order of coordinates equivalent to get_coordset.

cmd.load_coordset(xyz, objectname, 1)

Load coordinates using get_coordset

New in PyMOL 1.7.4. The get_coordset function can also return a memory view instead of a copy. This allows modifying the coordinates in place.

xyz = cmd.get_coordset(objectname, 1, copy=0)
xyz[:] = newxyz