XML-RPC server

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Revision as of 18:00, 23 January 2012 by Natechols (talk | contribs)
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PyMOL includes a built-in XML-RPC server which can be started from the command line with the "-R" flag (modules/pymol/rpc.py in the source code). This allows remote programs (not necessarily on the same computer) to connect and call functions in the running PyMOL instance. However, it requires all functions to be explicitly wrapped to be accessible via XML-RPC calls, which limits the flexibility. An alternate design shown below will enable any method in the 'cmd' module to be called remotely, as well as custom methods of the "pymol_interface" class (several examples of which are shown below). Other modules (such as util) could be wrapped using the same trick.

The server

from pymol import cmd, util
from threading import Thread
from SimpleXMLRPCServer import SimpleXMLRPCServer
import cPickle
import os
import re
import string

def pymol_startup () :
  print "Loading PyMOL XML-RPC extensions"
  server = pymol_interface()

class pymol_xmlrpc_server (SimpleXMLRPCServer) :
  def __init__ (self, addr, interface) :
    self.interface = interface
    SimpleXMLRPCServer.__init__(self, addr, logRequests=0)

  def _dispatch (self, method, params) :
    if not self.interface.enable_xmlrpc :
      return -1
    result = -1
    func = None
    if hasattr(self.interface, method) :
      func = getattr(self.interface, method)
    elif hasattr(cmd, method) :
      func = getattr(cmd, method)
    if not callable(func) :
      print "%s is not a callable object" % method
    else :
      result = func(*params)
      if result is None :
        result = -1
    return result

class pymol_interface (object) :
  def __init__ (self) :
    self.enable_xmlrpc = True
    # the port can be set via an environment variable - although it could just as easily be passed to __init__
    port = string.atoi(os.environ.get("PYMOL_XMLRPC_PORT", "9123"))
    self._server = pymol_xmlrpc_server(("localhost", port), self)
    t = threading.Thread(target=self._server.serve_forever)
    print "Started XML-RPC server on port %d" % port

  def close_all (self) :

  def disable_all (self) :

  def load_current_model_and_maps (self,
      delfwt_map) :
    model_name = os.path.basename(os.path.splitext(pdb_file)[0])
    cmd.load(pdb_file, model_name, state=1)
    cmd.load(fwt_map, "2fofc", state=1, format="ccp4")
    cmd.load(delfwt_map, "fofc", state=1, format="ccp4")
    cmd.isomesh("m1", "2fofc", 1.0, model_name, 5.0)
    cmd.isomesh("m2", "fofc", 3.0, model_name, 5.0)
    cmd.isomesh("m3", "fofc", -3.0, model_name, 5.0)
    cmd.color("marine", "m1")
    cmd.color("green", "m2")
    cmd.color("red", "m3")

  def setup_roving (self, f_map="2fofc", diff_map="fofc") :
    cmd.set("roving_detail", 20)
    cmd.set("roving_isomesh", 20)
    cmd.set("roving_origin", 1)
    cmd.set("roving_sticks", 0)
    cmd.set("roving_ribbon", 0)
    cmd.set("roving_lines", 0)
    cmd.set("roving_spheres", 0)
    cmd.set("roving_nb_spheres", 0)
    cmd.set("roving_polar_contacts", 0)
    cmd.set("roving_polar_cutoff", 0)
    cmd.set("stick_radius", 0.12)
    cmd.set("roving_map1_name", f_map)
    cmd.set("roving_map1_level", 1)
    cmd.set("roving_map2_name", diff_map)
    cmd.set("roving_map3_name", diff_map)
    cmd.set("roving_map2_level", 3)
    cmd.set("roving_map3_level", -3)

  def refresh_maps (self, f_map="2fofc", diff_map="fofc") :
    cmd.isomesh("rov_m1", f_map, 1.0, "center", 20)
    cmd.isomesh("rov_m2", diff_map, 3.0, "center", 20)
    cmd.isomesh("rov_m3", diff_map, -3.0, "center", 20)
    cmd.color("skyblue", "rov_m1")
    cmd.color("green", "rov_m2")
    cmd.color("red", "rov_m3")

  def show_selection (self, selection_string, zoom=True): #"True") :
    try :
      cmd.show("sticks", selection_string)
    except Exception, e :
      return "Invalid selection."
    cmd.color("white", selection_string)
    if zoom :
      cmd.zoom(selection_string, buffer=5)

  def recenter (self, x, y, z) :
    view = list(cmd.get_view())
    view[12] = x
    view[13] = y
    view[14] = z

if __name__ == "pymol" : # optional, if the module will be a command line argument to pymol

The client

Access to the XML-RPC server is independent of PyMOL itself, so this part could be run from any Python program, not necessarily on the same computer. The simple example below shows how the client code might be written. Because of the use of getattr() to retrieve methods in the 'cmd' API, we do not need to explicitly wrap cmd.load(), cmd.show(), or cmd.hide() for this code to work.

from xmlrpclib import ServerProxy
pymol = ServerProxy(uri="http://localhost:9123/RPC2")
pymol.load_current_model_and_maps("refined.pdb", "2mFo-DFc.ccp4", "mFo-DFc.ccp4")