The surface representation of a protein, in PyMol, shows the "Connolly" surface or the surface that would be traced out by the surfaces of waters in contact with the protein at all possible positions.
- 1 Enabling
- 2 Settings
- 3 Tips
- 3.1 Exporting Surface/Mesh Coordinates to File
- 3.2 Representation-independent Color Control
- 3.3 Displaying a protein as surface with a ligand as sticks
- 3.4 Calculating a partial surface
- 3.5 Displaying surface inside a molecule
- 3.6 Creating a Closed Surface
- 3.7 Smooth surface quick (blob)
- 3.8 Smooth surface accurate (blob)
- 3.9 Huge Surfaces
- 4 Performance
To enable the surface representation do
show surface, SEL
for any proper selection SEL.
To adjust the transparency of surfaces try:
set transparency, 0.5
Where 1.0 will be an invisible and 0.0 a completely solid surface.
To smooth your surface representation try:
set surface_quality, 1
or higher if you wish, though it will take longer and might look odd.
To change the probe radius other than default 1.4 Å, you need to change the solvent radius, say, 1.6 Å:
set solvent_radius, 1.6
If the surface does not change correspondingly, use:
Exporting Surface/Mesh Coordinates to File
PyMOL can export its coordinates as WRL wireframe model files for VRML input.
Older PyMOL Versions
# export the coordinates to povray open("surface.inc","w").write(cmd.get_povray())
Newer PyMOL Versions
# export the coordinates to .wrl file save myscene.wrl
# export the coordinates to .obj file. Only surface representation can be saved as .obj. save myscene.obj
Representation-independent Color Control
To color the surface representation a different color than the underlying cartoon or ligand representations, simply duplicate the object, show only the surface in the duplicate, and show only the cartoon and/or ligands in the original object.
Or use the surface_color setting that is available.
Displaying a protein as surface with a ligand as sticks
An easy way to do this is to create separate objects for each type of display.
1 Load your protein
2 Select the ligand
3 Create a separate object for the ligand
4 Remove ligand atoms from the protein
5 Display both objects separately
load prot.ent,protein select ligand,resn FAD create lig_sticks,ligand remove ligand show sticks,lig_sticks show surface,protein
Even easier is to:
1 Load the protein
2 S (Show) > organic > stick
3 S (Show) > surface
Calculating a partial surface
There is, until now, an undocumented way to calculate a surface for only a part of an object without creating a new one:
flag ignore, not A/49-63/, set delete indicate show surface
If the surface was already computed, then you'll also need to issue the command:
See Get_Area for more information on surface area calculations.
Displaying surface inside a molecule
As far as I can tell, setting ambient to zero alone doesn't quite do the job, since some triangles still get lit by the light source. The best combination I can find is:
set ambient=0 set direct=0.7 set reflect=0.0 set backface_cull=0
Which gives no shadows and only a few artifacts.
As an alternative, you might just consider showing the inside of the surface directly...that will create less visual artifacts, and so long as ambient and direct are sufficiently low, it will look reasonable in "ray".
util.ray_shadows("heavy") set two_sided_lighting=1 set backface_cull=0
Creating a Closed Surface
To create what I'll call a closed surface (see images), you need to first make your atom selections, then create a new object for that selection then show the surface for that object. Here's an example.
sel A, id 1-100 create B, A show surface, B
Smooth surface quick (blob)
To get a quick blob type surface (not as accurate):
set solvent_radius, 4 alter all, vdw=4 sort set surface_quality, 1
Smooth surface accurate (blob)
To get an accurate blob type surface:
set surface_quality, 1 alter all, b=50 alter all, q=1 set gaussian_resolution,5 map_new mapA, gaussian, 1, sele or pdb, 6 isosurface surfA, mapA
Notes: Set gaussian resolution is variable with a larger number causing a more smooth surface (4 is medium and 8 is very smooth). The temperature factor field (b) has at least as much impact as the resolution setting, so increasing b factors is the more computationally efficient way of increasing the blur effect. If you are displaying more then one surface in a .pse file you must create a new map for each one (if you have three you will create mapA for the first, mapB for the second and mapC for the third), then you apply an isosurface to each map (isosurface surfA, mapA - isosurface surfB, mapB - isosurface surfC, mapC).
To optimize performance and responsiveness, PyMOL tends to defer compute-intensive tasks until their results are actually needed. Thus,
doesn't actually show a surface, it only sets the surface visibility flag on the atoms present (for future reference). An actual surface won't be computed until PyMOL is asked to refresh or render the display. When running a script, you can force an update by calling: