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Revision as of 10:30, 1 August 2011 by Inchoate (talk | contribs) (Coloring a Viral Capsid by Distance from Core)
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alter changes one or more atomic properties over a selection using the python evaluator with a separate name space for each atom. The symbols defined in the name space, which are are explained in Iterate are:

name, resn, resi, chain, alt, elem, q, b, segi,
type (ATOM,HETATM), partial_charge, formal_charge,
text_type, numeric_type, ID, vdw

All strings must be explicitly quoted. This operation typically takes several seconds per thousand atoms altered.

WARNING: You should always issue a sort command on an object after modifying any property which might affect canonical atom ordering (names, chains, etc.). Failure to do so will confound subsequent "create" and "byres" operations.


alter (selection),expression


Change chain label and residue index

 alter (chain A),chain='B'
 alter (all),resi=str(int(resi)+100)

Change van der Waals radius of a given atom

alter (name P), vdw=1.90

Note that is if dots, spheres, mesh or surface representation is used. You have to refresh the view with


Renumber the amino acids in a protein, so that it starts from 0 instead of its offset as defined in the structure file

# The first residue in the structure file for 1cll is 4.  To change this to 0, maybe to match scripts
# outputted from other programs, just remove the offset of 4 from each atom
alter 1cll, resi=str(int(resi)-4)
# refresh (turn on seq_view to see what this command does).

Change the b values of all atoms to the distance of the atoms to a reference point

# reference point
# calculate distance values between the reference point and all the atoms
alldist = []
iterate_state 1, yourstruc, alldist.append(((x-x0)**2.0+(y-y0)**2.0+(z-z0)**2.0)**0.5)
# assign distance values to b-factors 
di = iter(alldist)
alter yourstruc,
# visualize the distances
spectrum b, rainbow, yourstruc

Coloring a Viral Capsid by Distance from Core

# create a pseudoatom at the origin-- we will
# measure the distance from this point

pseudoatom pOrig, pos=(0,0,0), label=origin

# fetch and build the capsid

fetch 2xpj, async=0, type=pdb1
split_states 2xpj
delete 2xpj

# show all 60 subunits it as a surface
# this will take a few minutes to calculate

as surface

# create a new color ramp, measuring the distance
# from pOrig to 1hug, colored as rainbow

ramp_new proximityRamp, pOrig, selection=(2xpj*), range=[110,160], color=rainbow

# set the surface color to the ramp coloring

set surface_color, proximityRamp, (2xpj*)

# some older PyMOLs need this recoloring/rebuilding



Alter_State, iterate, Iterate_State, sort